Whatever the cause of the incomprehensible data, the issue raised in the indictment is that Mr. Joseph and three other computer scientists thought their theory absurd but continued anyway, as Mr. Durham claims, or truly believed the terrible data and put before them speculation in good faith.
Initially records at Alfa Bank, including in Slate and The New Yorker, did not name the reviewers, and used fake names like “Max” and “Tea Leaves” for both of them. Mr. Durham’s indictment did not name them, either.
But three of their names appeared among the names of court experts in the courts brought by Alfa Bank, and Trump supporters have speculated on the air about their names. The Times reassured them, and their lawyers issued statements in defense of their actions.
The acclaimed “Founder-1” is April Lorenzen, senior scientific scientist on the name of solid information Zetalytics. His lawyer, Michael J. Connolly, said he had “dedicated his life to the serious task of committing atrocities in our country,” adding: “Any conspiracy to commit atrocities is a sham.”
The accuser “Researcher-1” is a computer scientist at Georgia Tech, Manos Antonakakis. “Researcher-2” is Mr. Dagon. And “Tech Executive-1” is Mr. Joffe, who in 2013 won an FBI Director award for helping crack down on cybercrime, and resigned this month from Neustar, an information technology company.
And again, the suspicion of Alfa Bank was only half of what analysts sought from the government, according to a number of people who know about the case.
Some of their concerns stemmed from data showing that YotaPhone – a Russian-made smartphone rare in the United States – had been used by networks working for the White House, Trump Tower and Spectrum Health, a Michigan hospital company whose server was also affiliated with the Trump server.